In the morning, you travel by motorcoach to Suzhou, which is often referred to by the Chinese as the 'Venice of the East.' Suzhou is a 2,500-year- old city world-renowned for its traditional gardens, ancient canals and silk production. In 1997, Suzhou's classic garden was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The construction of the Grand Canal in the 7th century created a means whereby silk, the prized commodity from this region, could be transported to the Northern capital, Beijing, a distance of more than 600 miles. With prosperity came prestige as merchants and artisans plied their trade. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Suzhou flourished as a place of refinement, drawing an influx of scholars and merchants who built themselves numerous elegant gardens.
The Chinese garden developed as a synthesis of two concepts linked in Taoist philosophy - scenery and serenity - the contemplation of nature in isolated meditation led to enlightenment. Therefore, the educated and wealthy built natural-looking retreats for themselves with an urban environment. The garden created poetic and painterly concepts, with the aim to improve on nature in creating a picture that looks natural but is in fact entirely artificial. For this, the Chinese garden designer used four main elements: rocks, water, plants and architecture.
Upon arrival, you visit the Garden of the Master of Fishing Nets and experience all of the elements of a classical Chinese garden. It is said that the Master of the Nets Garden was named after one of its owners - a retired official who wished to become an accomplished fisherman. Dating to 1140, it is considered by many the finest of all Suzhou's gardens. Although exceptionally small, it succeeds, with great subtlety, in introducing every element considered crucial to the classical Chinese garden. It includes a central lake, discreet connecting corridors, pavilions with miniature courtyards, screens, delicate latticework, and above all, points which 'frame a view,' as if looking at a perfectly balanced photograph. The best-known building is the Pavilion for Watching the Moon, from where the moon can be viewed in a mirror, in the water, and in the sky.
Later, you tour the the Silk Spinning Mill , where you will learn how silk is created from the mulberry-munching silkworms to produce thread and fine cloth. Afterwards, you travel to Tongli, a pretty little water town typical of the region. Tongli gives visitors a good idea of what Suzhou must have been like in its heyday. Reminiscent of scenes from traditional Chinese paintings, it is complete with canals, arched stone bridges, cobbled lanes and tile-roofed wooden houses. Visit a courtyard mansion to learn about the lavish lifestyle of its residents. Then, learn about traditional Chinese wedding customs at a local folklore museum. Take an exciting ride on a gondola and experience the charm of Tongli's waterways. You will have free time to browse and buy some local specialties along Old Street, which is lined with Ming-style homes and storefronts. In the late afternoon, you travel by motorcoach to Shanghai.
Approximate Tour Duration: 12 hours
Minimum participants required to operate this tour: 6
Optional Tour's Inclusion: Private guided tour, canal cruise, entrance fees, a lunch and transportation.